When I was a kid, there was precious little out in pop culture about trans issues. Sure, there were movies like “The Christine Jorgensen Story,” where an actor named John Hansen played the title character, or “Dog Day Afternoon,” where Al Pacino’s character staged a robbery to pay for the surgery of his lover, portrayed by male actor Chris Sarandon.
There are scores of other examples of men playing trans women in movies. You can go back to Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon in “Some Like It Hot,” through John Lithgow in “The World According to Garp” and Dustin Hoffman in “Tootsie,” and all the way up to more-recent fare like Jared Leto in “Dallas Buyer’s Club” and Jeffrey Tambor in “Transparent.”
It’s a lot less common to see a story of a transgender man on film, but these roles are also often given to women to portray. You might see the typical farce, such as Joyce Hyser as Terry Griffith in the 1980s teen comedy “Just One of the Guys,” or a far more somber epic like “Boys Don’t Cry,” in which Hilary Swank won an Academy Award for her portrayal of Brandon Teena.
Rarer still, of course, is when a female actor plays a trans woman, or a male actor plays a trans man. Felicity Huffman, for one, played the lead role in the comedy-drama “Transamerica” in 2005. I actually can’t think of any of the latter off the top of the head.
Of course, I bring all these up thanks to Scarlet Johansson.
It was just last year that Johansson starred in “Ghost in the Shell,” a whitewashed retelling of an anime. Apparently not learning her lesson, she took the role of Dante “Tex” Gill in an upcoming story of his life, titled “Rub and Tug.” Gill was a larger-than-life character, a mod type who ran massage parlors. He was also a trans man.
When Johansson was announced as the star of the movie, there was an outcry. Aside from the fact that she looked nothing like Gill, here was yet another example of someone of the assigned-at-birth gender of a trans person performing our lives on the screen. It didn’t help her case when she — via her publicist — defended her decision to play Gill.
“Tell them that they can be directed to Jeffrey Tambor, Jared Leto and Felicity Huffman’s reps for comment,” read part of the statement, dismissing critics by naming three other stars who portrayed trans people to popular acclaim — and criticism from transgender people.
It’s a vastly tone-deaf statement, seemingly ignoring everything that people are trying to tell her, while noting that these other celebs gained success by playing transgender people.
The thing is, Johansson is coming into this at a time when the landscape is shifting.
We are now seeing transgender people getting roles in TV and movies in trans roles. Laverne Cox has been a hot commodity for years now, with a role in “Orange is the New Black,” among other appearances. Candis Cayne, Chaz Bono, Alexis Arquette, Trace Lysette, Jamie Clayton and others are appearing more frequently as well, delivering great and authentic performances as transgender people — and that’s a key point.
When Jared Leto portrayed Rayon in “Dallas Buyer’s Club,” he wasn’t playing a woman. He also wasn’t playing a trans woman. He was playing a man playing a woman. He was missing the portrayal in two key ways, and you got a performance that was in no way authentic to the lives of transgender people.
This is what Hollywood seems to want in these roles. They don’t actually want an accurate trans portrayal. They want a man playing a woman, or, in the case of Johansson, a woman playing a man. They’re not making a film for transgender people to see a reflection of their own story, but for nontransgender people to feel some sort of strange sympathy for transgender people through their own lens.
Johansson, I should add, has since dropped the role amid the backlash over her casting and her response.
Those attempting to defend her have been vocal in their displeasure, telling trans protesters that they have shot themselves in the foot by demanding her removal. They argue that by not letting that A-list celeb be in the film, people will not turn out to see the movie or learn “awareness” of trans issues.
This is nonsense.
Right now on FX is a series called “Pose.” It focuses on trans lives in the 1980s and features transgender people on both sides of the screen. The stories are authentic and true, and speak to the trans experience in ways you will never see Leto, or Tambor, or Huffman, in their respective roles.
These are stories that speak to transgender people, yet also speak to those beyond the community itself. They provide nuance that hasn’t been seen in all the stories that have come before.
It has also been popular enough to be renewed for a second season, just a handful of episodes into its first.
In short, Johannson — and I hope, by extension, Hollywood — are learning an important lesson: Trans stories do have merit. What’s more, they don’t need a big non-transgender name in order to slap a veneer of popular acceptance. That is the direction our stories need to go now, not remain in a mold cast by the exploitative movies of years past.
It’s time for our stories to truly be ours to tell.
Gwen Smith wants to see a rich future of trans cinema. You can find her at www.gwensmith.com.