Charlotte Cushman (1816-1876) was the greatest American actress of her era, a theatrical superstar and a gender-nonconforming lesbian who worked on stages in the U.S., Britain and Rome throughout the mid-19th century. For over four decades, she was seen by millions. Tall, strikingly handsome and highly charismatic, Cushman charmed women across two continents from the stage and her drawing rooms. During the time when women frequently played both men’s and women’s roles, Cushman became known for her “breeches roles,” playing men on stage. Her Lady Macbeth launched her career, but it was her portrayal of Romeo in Shakespeare’s most popular play, “Romeo and Juliet,” that was considered one of the greatest of any actors, male or female, of her era.