More than one year after marriage equality became the law of the land nationwide, President Obama, Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell and my colleagues and I at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services continue to seize opportunities to improve the health and well-being of LGBTQ Americans.
We do so because the sad reality is that LGBTQ people still face discrimination in many areas of life, including health care. This discrimination worsens the very real health disparities that LGBTQ people face, such as higher rates of depression, smoking, HIV and experiences of violence.
The Obama administration has made historic advancements for the LGBTQ community, and as we celebrate that progress, we know there is still more to do. We’ve proudly required all hospitals receiving Medicare or Medicaid funds (nearly every hospital in America) to allow visitation rights for LGBT patients, funded the first national resource center for older LGBT individuals and released the nation’s first comprehensive National HIV/AIDS Strategy, among many other initiatives.
But when I’m asked about the most important thing we’ve done for LGBTQ health, the answer is always the same: the Affordable Care Act.
You may know some of the law’s benefits — like financial help to help eligible consumers afford health insurance, certain recommended preventive care like cancer and HIV/STI screenings without cost sharing and coverage for preexisting medical conditions.
But many do not realize just how much the law offers for LGBTQ Pennsylvanians. Why? Because LGBTQ people are more likely than their straight, cisgender peers to be uninsured. In fact, because of the Affordable Care Act, the uninsured rate for low- and middle-income LGBT people dropped from 34 percent in 2013 to 26 percent in 2014. For LGB people, the uninsured rate was nearly cut in half from 2013-15.
Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, more LGBTQ people have health insurance than ever before. And even more have the opportunity to get covered by visiting HealthCare.gov beginning on Nov. 1.
But that’s not the only thing that the law offers for LGBTQ communities. In May, my colleagues at the HHS Office for Civil Rights spelled out significant new nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ people under the Affordable Care Act.
The new rules mean that all LGBTQ people — whether lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, non-binary, gender-nonconforming or intersex — are protected from discrimination just for being who they are. These protections apply in every state and mean that:
- Health-insurance plans sold through HealthCare.gov can no longer have categorical exclusions for services related to gender transition.
- A hospital or clinic that receives federal funds cannot turn you away because you are transgender or in a same-sex relationship.
- You have the right to be placed in a hospital room or ward based on your gender identity.
- You should not face harassment from a health-care provider, such as a doctor or nurse intentionally refusing to use your correct name and pronoun.
This means that even more LGBTQ people have the opportunity for more meaningful health insurance coverage starting Jan. 1.
If you face this or any other type of discrimination, we urge you to file a complaint with the regional Office for Civil Rights at www.hhs.gov/ocr.
We know more can be done to improve LGBTQ health and we will continue to build upon the strides we have already made together. But now we need your help to make these protections a reality for millions of LGBTQ people across the country.
Beginning on Nov. 1, visit HealthCare.gov to enroll and talk to your loved ones about doing the same. If you pick a plan by Dec. 15, 2016, your coverage may begin as early as Jan. 1, 2017. Financial help is available for those eligible to make insurance more affordable: In 2016, nearly seven in 10 people could have selected a plan for less than $75 per month. And you can sit down or call to make a free appointment with an LGBTQ-friendly expert who can help you understand your options.
With financial help, new nondiscrimination protections and better quality coverage, there’s never been a better time to be out, be healthy and get covered. n
Joanne Grossi is the regional director of the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services.